What is LVEMP II ?
LVEMP II stands for Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project Phase II. LVEMP II is an East African Community (EAC) regional initiative coordinated by the Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) Secretariat and currently implemented by three EAC Partner States of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda under APL1 and Burundi and Rwanda under APL
What is the relationship between LVBC and LVEMP II?
The Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) is a specialized institution of the East African Community (EAC) that is responsible for coordinating the sustainable development agenda of the Lake Victoria Basin. LVBC is the regional project coordination agency for LVEMP II. LVBC also coordinates the implementation of other such Projects and Programmes, within Lake Victoria Basin.
Why does the project covers Rwanda and Burundi while the Lake is in Kenya,Uganda and Tanzania ?
The project institutional and implementation arrangements embrace the “subsidiarity principle”, whereby at regional level, the project is coordinated by LVBC through the Regional Project Coordination Team (RPCT) over-sighted by a Regional Policy Steering Committee (RPSC). At National Levels, project implementation is coordinated by National Project Coordination Teams (NPCTs) that are over-sighted by National Policy Steering Committees in each of the five Partner States. Actual implementation is undertaken by respective line ministries at district levels under the coordination of District Project Coordination/Facilitation Teams within the respective focal areas. Additionally, the project has entered into MOUs with some specialized institutions towards the implementation of some select activities such those related to fisheries (LVFO), Cleaner production (KNCPC) among others.
What are the main environmental challenges facing the LVB ecosystem
There are four main sources of environmental stresses adversely impacting the LVB ecosystem, as well as the region’s economy and livelihoods which include
Unsustainable fishing practices and pollution in the Lake and on Islands Conversion of shoreline wetlands for urban and agricultural development without adequate environmental mitigation measures reduced water inflows into the Lake, over abstraction of Lake water, Water Hyacinth infestation coupled up with nitrification, Increased watershed degradation,including soil erosion and loss of vegetation cover; and Increased water pollution from industries, livestock, agriculture, mining and urban runoff to mention but a few.