Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project (LVEMP II) is an East African Community Project under implementation in the five countries that share the Lake Victoria Basin resources. The project is regionally coordinated by the Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) through Regional Project Coordination Team (RPCT) based in Kisumu, Kenya. Nationally it is coordinated National Project Coordination Teams (NPCTs). The Partner States implementing the project are Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. LVEMP II activities compliments and upscale the LVEMP I interventions which started its implementation in 1997 up to December 2005.
Objectives of the Project are to contribute to:
• Improvement of the collaborative management of the trans-boundary natural resources of the Lake Victoria Basin ( LVB) among the Partner States; and
• Improvement of environmental management of targeted pollution hotspots and selected degraded sub-catchments for the benefit of communities who
Project Pilot catchment in all five EAC Partner States
Tanzania; River Simiyu Catchment, Kenya; River Nyando Catchment, Uganda; Katonga River catchment, Rwanda; Hotspot within Akagera River and Burundi; within Rubuvu River.
In Tanzania, the project became effectively on 20th August, 2009, and its implementation covers Mara, Simiyu, Mwanza, Geita and Kagera Regions, with a total of 23 districts. The project is multi sectoral and coordinated by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation and its offices are based in Mwanza- Maji Igogo.
Why Simiyu River Catchment?
The catchment area of River Simiyu is about 11,577 km2. The analysis from the studies of pollution conducted during LVEMP I in all rivers that drains into Lake Victoria showed that of all total pollution per annual Simiyu River contributes to 42% of sediment loads, nutrients and agro-chemical into the lake. Therefore, during LVEMP II preparations it was decided that Simiyu Catchment be a pilot for interventions to reduce pollution in the Lake and other parts of the lake basin to be covered later.
LVEMP II interventions to restore the degraded sub-catchment, pollution control for targeted pollution hotspot and enhancement of environmental management around the Lake Victoria Basin are categorized in four (4) major components, which are:
COMPONENT I: Strengthening institutional capacity for managing shared water and fisheries resources. This component focus on strengthen of capacities of the existing institutions to improve the cooperative management of shared transboundary natural resources of the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB), and hence contribute to the achievement of the objectives which are to
• Improve the effectiveness of key regional and national institutions through harmonization of national policies, legislation, and standards. This will be achieved through;
Development of options for long-term mechanism for financing natural resources management interventions; and
Regional frameworks for the management of key transboundary natural resources-water and fisheries.
Core functions of this component
• Harmonization of policies, legislations, and regulatory standards
• Ecosystem monitoring and applied research.
COMPONENT II: Point source pollution control and prevention;
The main objective of this component is to reduce environmental stresses within the lake and its littoral zone, through the implementation of mitigation and prevention measures. It finances investments aimed at reducing point sources of pollution in priority hotspots, identified during LVEMP I.
COMPONENT III: Watershed Management.
This component seeks to reduce non-point source pollution(sediment loads, nutrients and agro chemicals) by supporting community –driven investments by rehabilitating degraded catchments through scaling up successful models of watershed management practices piloted under LVEMP I; mobilizing new participating communities; building capacities of selected local authorities and communities and development of CDD sub projects. All interventions under this component aims at natural resources conservation and livelihood improvement.
COMPONENT IV: Project coordination and management.
This component provides resources necessary for the effective Project coordination, regional and national levels communication, monitoring and evaluation activities, and sharing of information among countries.
• Community Driven Development (CDDs): support restoration of degraded Simiyu catchment and shoreline of Lake Victoria including removal of water hyacinth. This is done through community engagement in sustainable Land Management activities such as beekeeping, improve farming, pouty keeping, dairy cattle, tree planting, construction and rehabilitation of charcoal dams, drilling of boreholes, advocacy of fish farming etc.
• Co-management Interventions (CMIs): This involves co-management of the LVB resources through partnerships with NGOs/CBOs, private sector and Local Government Authorities.
• Sanitation Investments: involves designing and construction/rehabilitation of wastewater treatment facilities and construction of public toilets.
• Strengthening institutional capacity for managing shared water and fisheries resources: this involves support on strengthening some institutions to improve the cooperative management of shared transboundary natural resources of the LVB through reliable information for policy decisions and planning sustainable development and management